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What is HTML and what is its role in web design?

HTML (Hypertext Markup Language) is the standard markup language used to create web pages and other information that can be displayed in a web browser. HTML is used to structure the content of a web page, including text, images, videos, and other media.

HTML consists of a series of tags and attributes that define the structure and content of a page. For example, the <p> tag is used to create a paragraph, while the <img> tag is used to insert an image. HTML tags can also be used to create headings, lists, links, and other types of content.

HTML is the foundation of all websites, and it provides the basic structure and content for a page. However, it is often combined with other technologies such as CSS and JavaScript to create more complex and dynamic websites.

HTML plays a critical role in web design as it provides the structure for the content on a page, and defines how the page will be displayed in a web browser. It allows developers to create accessible, search engine-friendly, and well-structured content that can be easily read and understood by both humans and machines.